THE MEGALITHIC CYCLOPEAN WALL

THE MEGALITHIC CYCLOPEAN WALL
RAJGIR. BIHAR. EAST INDIA

This website is a humble attempt to draw the attention of the world to the huge treasure of Megaliths of India, the lesser-known relics of Indian tribals.

Wednesday, 13 January 2016

PYRAMIDS OF NALANDA, INDIA

It is difficult to believe that India too possesses Pyramids. But as they are not known as Pyramids here hence no one is aware of their presence in the country.

NALANDA:

In the Bihar state of East India the country has one of her first Universities. Founded by the King Kumaragupta (CE 413-455) of the great Gupta Dynasty, this ancient Buddhist institution of Nalanda is believed to have housed once 10000 students and 2000 Professors. The study course included scriptures of Buddhism, Vedas, Logic, Grammar, Medicine, Astronomy, Pottery making and Metal Casting etc.

This monastic University attracted students from China, Tibet, Indonesia, Ceylon etc.The University housed classrooms, hostels for both the professors and the students, open air auditorium, monasteries, temples, tombs of deceased professors, stupas (burial tomb-shrines) and chaityas (Buddhist prayer halls). The emblematic structure of the University is the Saruputta stupa .

The University which continued to function till the 13th cent was burnt down and its students, monks and the professors were killed by the barbaric Muslim invader called Bakhtiyar Khalji.

Among these various Buddhist Temples there are a few which actually are step-pyramids built in bricks, they are Temples 13 and 14.

Temple 14 is a huge pyramid which once housed a colossal stucco image of the Buddha.Take a look at this magnanimous step-pyramid:

The Pyramid from one of the sides


The view of the Pyramid from a different angle showing the entrance.



The inner chamber.
 It once housed a colossal Buddha. The tinned shed is a new addition.

The monastic Buddhist University of Nalanda is usually publicised by the below given photograph which is the stupa of Sariputta. Sariputta lived during the Buddha and was his most devout follower. 

The stupa inside the University was built much later perhaps during 5th cent CE. What however is most astounding is the structure behind it; it is that of a pyramid. See for yourself in the below given photographs:


The iconic stupa of Sariputta, the most devout follower of the Buddha. In the foreground is the open air theater and its stepped seats are also visible.


Behind, the Sariputta stupa transforms into a Pyramid with a flat top.

Temple 13, much similar to temple 14 also housed a large stucco image of the Buddha.Take a look at this amazing pyaramidical structure of the Buddhist temple, this indeed changes the concept of temples in India:


The Temple 13.
This is another unique Buddhist temple that somewhat resembles a pyramid.

The mere look at this amazing structure of this pyramidal Buddhist temple with its grand steps in the foreground is indeed overpowering.


The Pyramids of India are different from their counterparts of the world. They are comparativley of the more recent period, rather belonging of the historical times. It is difficult to conclude firmly how Pyramid making came to India.

China has her own share of Pyramids. The concept of Pyramids was probably carried over to Nalanda by the Chinese Buddhist monks, travellers or the students.

The Buddhist Tripatakas or the accounts of Fa-Hien, Huen Tsang may come handy in unravelling this mystery.

Sunday, 13 December 2015

THE AMAZING SIMILAR MEGALITHS IN INDIA AND LAOS


Both the above megaliths have an unusual architecture. These are columned structures with sharp vertical sides and holes at their top. These two megaliths are placed hundreds of miles apart. Archaeology has no name for such a megalith in India.



This is Laos. Strangely there is a similarity between the above shown megaliths with holes at their top in India and the one ones of Laos known as Jar Megaliths. However there are differences; the Laos ones comprise both the columned and the circular type but that of India houses only the columned types. The Laos megaliths as in the above photograph not only have holes at their top as that of India but unlike that of India these are hollow in the middle.


Saturday, 28 November 2015

DISCOVERY OF CUPULE BEARING MEGALITHIC SITES IN HAZARIBAGH REGION, HAZARIBAGH IN JHARKHAND.

rasi        NOTES
              Purakala  2015,Volume 25, pp. 67-71  Subhashis Das      

======================================================
My paper on the cupules on the Megaliths of Hazaribagh published in PURAKALA ov Vol 25 2015.
Click on the link below to read the paper:

Thursday, 15 October 2015

MEGALITHIC BURIAL EXCAVATED IN PULLUR BANDA. ANDHRA PRADESH

The State Department of Archaeology and Museums has excavated cairn megalithic burials in the village of  Pullur Banda in Siddpet Mandal of Medak in Andhra Pradesh. The surface of the monument had a circle of about 10 to 15 boulders with a tall menhir by its side. A large capstone having a possible weight of about 8 tonnes was fragmented into 3 pieces was found in the burial.


Excavation of a megalithic burial site in Pullurubanda in Medak in Andhra Pradesh

One burial has yielded various iron finds as daggers, arrowheads, forceps, javelins along with Black Ware, Red Ware and Black and Red ware potteries and a small broken clay ring. Another megalithic burial about 30 meters west of the menhir, pots of Black and Red Ware along with a pot comprising of bones. 

The department has discovered about 50 megalithic sites spread to around 20 acres of land. Ms Sunita Bhagat, the Director of the said Department stated that the region houses Stone Circles, Menhirs, Dolmenoid Cists and Dolmens and also that the bone pieces have been sent to Indian Institute of Chemical Technology for dating the bones which would thereby date the megaliths.


Wednesday, 2 September 2015

MEGALITHIC SITE WITH ANTHROPOMORPHIC FIGURES FOUND IN PALEM. A.P.


The Hindu reports that Prof. V.Ramabrahmam has discovered a megalithic site in Palem near Kallur. Earlier in between 1997 and 2000 he had found six megalithic sites in Chittor district of Andhra Pradesh.
The site in Palem is interspersed with dolmens, cists burials, stone circles and mehirs and statues. 


The Hindu states that huge anthropomorphic statues which could be the depiction of head priests or king of the tribe, marks the site. Locally these are known as Pandavula Gudi, Pandava banda, Pandava gattu or Daddinala Banda.


Dr.Ramabrahmam and Sivakumar Challa of Indian Archaeology Research Group found a dolmen with a half anthropomorphic statue at Palem, near Kallur in Andhra Pradesh. Here two half anthropomorphs can be seen to have been were joined together. The villagers consider them as horns of a divine ox which they call as Devara Yadhu. 


Mr Challa told to The Hindu that a port hole is carved on the eastern side of the monument to let the spirit go out.BRW was collected in situ from the site which they believe to date back to 500 BC.
Credit: The Hindu.





MEGALITHIC ACTIVITIES IN INDIA

Megaliths of Mizoram:

Blog on Brahmagiri megaliths:


THE PIONEER features "CHOKAHATU MEGALITHS"
First ever song composed on a megalith in India. Rajat Chandra sings on the fascinating megaliths of Punkri Birwadih:

Megalithic burials of the dolmen kind of Andhra Pradesh:

Rare megalithic sites discovered in Chattisgarh:

More than 200 megalithic sites found in Dhamtari and Mahasamund districts of Chattisgarh. Visit:http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/nation/north/rare-megalithic-sites-discovered-chhattisgarh-778

Megaliths of Jharkhand go to
megalithsofjharkhand.blogspot.com

Copper beads found during excavations in megaliths of Kerala. Read on:http://www.thehindu.com/news/states/kerala/article2935549.ece

A huge mysterious Peru type feature of the letter VI has been discovered on a hillock in Gujarat by Geology scholars. Chances are that the feature could be man made. Read on...

The 'kodakkal' or the 'Umbrella Stones', a type of unique dolmens typical only to Kerala lie in utter neglect. As-Prof Devdas now heads a study on the megaliths of Kerala. Visit:http://varnam.nationalinterest.in/2010/12/saving-megalithic-sites/

125 megaliths have been discovered in the region of Junapani in Vidharba.

About 3000 year old megaliths have been discovered in Nagpur Amravati road.

3000 year old megaliths have been discovered in a college campus of Khammam of A.P. College authorities have planned to protect them. Great Job. Hope there were more like them.


The legendary Burjhaom megaliths of Kashmir: http://www.jstor.org/pss/985068