This website is a humble attempt to highlight the treasure of the Megaliths of India to the world, the lesser-known relics of Indian tribals.


Huhua is very much similar to the Jar-Type megaliths of Laos. Read the post on Huhua megaliths

Monday, 8 June 2015

LAOS' jar TYPE megalithic site found in jharkhand

Two large megaliths with jar type holes carved on their flat tops.

Long: 850 24’ 57.6”  Lat: 230 41” 49.2”

A few kms from the district headquarters of Ramgarh in the  Jharkhand state of East India is a village called Huhua. In the outskirts of this village is a small megalithic site that closely resembles the Laos' Plain of Jar type megalithic site. 

However there is a difference between these two sites. 

A panorama of the entire Huhua megalithic site with the inclined male amlaka stone. The rest of the standing stones has jar type holes at their top that perhaps signify their female genders

If the Laos site is spread to many acres of land that house thousands of such jar type megaliths there, the Huhua site is relatively smaller as there are only 7 stones that are of the jar type which have holes on their flattened tops.

Two more jar type female stones with holes in their tapered tops

The jar type stones in Huhua could be smaller in comparison to that of Laos' but is indeed quite large and heavy. One stone has an amlaka type structure at its top. Amlakas are piece of architecture that can be seen atop a Hindu temple. We do not know whether the structure was meant to be an amalaka signifying the Hinduisation of the pre/non Aryan megalithic site or was it meant to serve as a male turban. 

The Amlaka at the top of the columned menhir though is a rare feature but can also be seen in a few other megalithic sites of Jharkhand as that of Basantpur and Lohardagga etc. Both the turbaned and the ones with holes incised at their top have designs engraved, embossed and even drawn on them.

One of the six squares; this has cupules on its surface and sits beside a fallen jar type megalith

Six box type square stones lie on the floor which although are rare is yet quite a popular megalithic structure of Jharkhand. One of them has cupules engraved on it.   

The local villagers worship the stones during the Hindu festival of Shiva Ratri when the male Shiva marries his female counterpart Shakti or Parwati transforming him into an androgynous deity.

Two more of the jar type female stones

Connecting Huhua to marriage makes us understand that perhaps this ancient megalithic site was constructed with the intention of creating this as a cult site associated with fertility.
The one with the amlaka at its top could be the male stone suggesting that it could be the burial/memorial stone of a king. The jar type megaliths which have  large holes on their apexes could denote the female vulva representative of the queen or female nobles.

I believe it would not be correct to relate this megalithic site with any of the present day megalithic tribes as that of the Mundas, Asurs, Oraons and the Hos as their monuments do not reveal any similarities with the one of Huhua.

The male stone with the amlaka or turban on it head flanked by three jar type female stones with holes on their tapered crowns.

There are no written documents to show the reason of the similarites of these megalithic sites of Laos and Huhua. The most logical conclusion for this phenomenon is  the possible contact between these two far flung lands of Vietnam and India that must have given rise to the Jar type megaliths in these two countries. Excavation is mandatory to confirm both this speculation and the date of Huhua.

Huhua is oriented to the Summer and the Winter Solstice sunrises and sets respectively.

Monday, 20 April 2015

Megalithic sites discovered in Telengana


A rare Megalithic cist burial (Gudu samadhi) belonging between 1000 BCE and 600 CE has been discovered at Dasaram village close to Musi river in Nereducherla mandal in Nalgonda district in Telengana District.
Annapureddy Chandra Reddy, a farmer, stumbled upon the burial when the tractor ploughing agricultural land. Archaeology and Museums Department officials led by Assistant Director D. Ramulu Nayak and former conservator Y. Bhanu Murthy inspected the site and concluded that it was cist burial belonging to Megalithic period.
Speaking to The Hindu, Mr. Murthy said apart from the burial ground, they found stones used for sharpening weapons and slingshots used for protecting crops from birds. “People of that time used to bury the things used by the deceased person during interment,” he said.
The burial has stones on four sides and capstone on the top . Similar burials were found at archaeological sites located at Phanigiri and another near Bhongir in district in the past, but they were yet to be excavated.
Shockingly, Mr. Murthy said, the local farmers have damaged at least 15 to 20 such burials unknowingly while ploughing their farms. The archaeological site is still having at least 30 more such burials which would give more insights once excavated. He said he also had written to Director of Archaeology and Museums requesting for sanction of grants to take up the excavation of the rare site. Both the officials said there could have been a habitation of people, who buried their near and dear ones, 2 km away from the present find. Farmers near the Musi had in the past found red and black ware. Mr. Chandra Reddy said he did not know the structure holds such an importance until the Archaeology Department officials told them.

Ruined megalithic site dated back to 500 BC found in Kadapa.

A megalithic burial site has been discovered near Devandlapalli village in Rayavaram panchayat of Tsundupalle mandal in Kadapa district.
In archaeological explorations conducted by Associate Professor G. Sambasiva Reddy, Assistant Professor of History and Archaeology and Assistant Profesor of Geology K. Raghu Babu of Yogi Vemana University, a complex of 20 megalithic monuments were noticed and some of them were dolmens and remaining were dolmen encircles with slabs the left over monuments, dolmenoids-cists encircles with slabs.
All the monuments were disturbed by treasure hunters, every burial encountered with pottery pieces normally black and red ware, red ware etc. were noticed. Significantly, two of the dolmens on north-western orthostat bearing on the inner surface depicting tortoise, leaf-like structures, human with weapon and sun like diagrams with red ochre and white pigments were noticed. Another dolmen depicted two elephants alongside each other and elephant human figures drawn in white pigment. Chronologically the megalithic assigned in Rayalaseema region to 500 BC based on C14 (Carbon) dating method.
The exploration team appealed to District Collector V. Anil Kumar, officials of the State Archaeology and Hyderabad circle of Archaeological Survey of India to protect the megalithic monumental complex in Kadapa district for future generations.


Friday, 20 March 2015

Vernal Equinox in Punkri Burwadih Megaliths. Hazaribagh. Jharkhand. East India.

Self portrait at the Punkri Burwadih Megaliths.

The crowd had begun to gather in the Punkri Burwadih megalithic complex from about 5.00 AM.  We arrived at around 5.45 A.M. The sun here was to rise at about 6.06 A.M.

A day prior we laid down lime markers to indicate people where to stand and from where to view the sunrise.

Marking with lime to show the alignment of the stones and the place to stand

Two menhirs M2 and M3 can be seen positioned adjacent to each other so that a "V" notch is formed. I have observed that menhirs in the state are oriented towards the mid-winter sunrise.Similarly the menhirs in this complex were made to face the Winter Solstice sunrise.

A small stone marked A is placed in a North-South orientation about a few meters towards the NW of the two menhirs.

At about 93" towards the Summer Solstice observing point to its right is the point from where the Equinox Sunrises can be viewed through the V; in other words from this point the V is to its Due East

The three menhirs M1, M2 and M3

The North-South aligned stone A

Waiting eagerly for the sun to rise

The anxious wait for the sun...

...and there is the solar orb visible right in the centre of the V, behind the hill...cameras flash.

Why did the ancients observe the Equinox Sunrise ?

This is something difficult to answer as the ancient megalithic astronomer-priests left behind no written documents. But we can speculate from the positioning of the stones that these were surely placed after observing the movements of the sun for reasons more than one. 

Explaining the functioning of the Punkri Burwadih megalithic observatory to the crowd

One reason for such arrangements of the stones could be perhaps to observe the Equinoxes and Summer Solstice sunrises from which they could fix these significant days in the year  for their day-to-day life as marriages and agriculture et al

The sun is cradled inside the V  between the two male female menhirs

Therefore Punkri Burwadi megalithic complex functioned not only as a burial but also as an observatory of the transits of the sun for it to perform as a calendar for the community. An Indian Hindu even today wouldn't move a foot without referring to their calendars.

What does the sun in the "V" signify?

We need to realise that that megaliths were appendages of the fertility cult, rather a cult related to birth and death, worship of the sexual organs and the wombs, and  worship of the ancestor. All these found expression in symbols.

Of the two menhirs of M2 and M3 one is of red colour comprising of hematite which perhaps symbolises the female whereas the one adjacent to it as the male. 

The "V" in the middle of both the male and the female stones is symbol of the pubic triangle or the female vulva. Through the symbolical vagina of the V notch therefore the new sun takes birth on Equinox mornings exactly though the middle of the V vulva as consequence of the union of M2 and M3.

It is widely believed that on the Equinox day the new sun was born. Therefore on this day or the day after was considered to be the beginning of the New Year for the megalithic multitude.

Monday, 22 December 2014


I am privileged to live in a middle-sized semi-urban town of Hazaribagh in North Jharkhand state of East India. My privilege emerges from reasons confined not only to my town's surrounding being densely wooded or she having a lovely weather but for me precisely for the numerous varied megaliths her environs house.

The uniqueness of Hazaribagh megaliths is that they differ from the megaliths of other region. Apart from being sepulchral monuments Hazaribagh also houses a few very ancient megaliths which reveal stunning astronomy and mathematics  as a testimony of these sciences prevalent among the tribals of the ancient times.

The photographs below are of a few of these primitive monuments. These were built at a very ancient time and can be seen in and around Hazaribagh.

Sadly many of these megaliths below have been lost in lack of protection as the Indian Government does not care much for the protection of her own culture and heritage particularly tribal megaliths.

This megalithic site is Lati on the way to Itkhori

The very ancient Raja Gosaiwn menhir in Silwar. This menhir is still worshipped by the villagers as Raja Gosaiwn.

These depressions on the rock are called cupules or cupmarks and are appendages of megaliths. This cupuled rock is adjacent to the Raja Gosaiwn menhir in Silwar. These are supposed to have been made thousands years ago and are believed to be the symbol of the erstwhile Mother Goddess.

An Oraon dolmen in the large megalithic site of Banjha

Megalithic site of Gidhore

I stand in the ancient megalithic site of Basantpur near Ghatotand

This very beautiful Mundari site is Gurua near Seotagarha


A very young Prantik (Bumpy), my son sits on the elephant behind the Gibraltar House on Jabra Road.




The very ancient menhir at Kallu Chowk, Lohsinghna

Sujit stands near a very large menhir in Barath

The astronomical pillar of Furuka few kms away from Ichak. This megalith has to be seen to be believed

This megalithic site in Jabra Road and is worshipped by the locals as the Pacahi Baba. This worship has protected this very ancient megalithic site.

The megaliths of Amnari

The beautiful Birbir megalithic site

The astronomical megaliths of Punkri Burwadih


This is a lizard shaped capstone of a dolmen in Banadag

The tall menhirs of Punri Mandar megalithic burial site

Lean-support menhirs in Rahriya Tand.


Megaliths of Mizoram:

Blog on Brahmagiri megaliths:

First ever song composed on a megalith in India. Rajat Chandra sings on the fascinating megaliths of Punkri Birwadih:

Megalithic burials of the dolmen kind of Andhra Pradesh:

Rare megalithic sites discovered in Chattisgarh:

More than 200 megalithic sites found in Dhamtari and Mahasamund districts of Chattisgarh. Visit:

Megaliths of Jharkhand go to

Copper beads found during excavations in megaliths of Kerala. Read on:

A huge mysterious Peru type feature of the letter VI has been discovered on a hillock in Gujarat by Geology scholars. Chances are that the feature could be man made. Read on...

The 'kodakkal' or the 'Umbrella Stones', a type of unique dolmens typical only to Kerala lie in utter neglect. As-Prof Devdas now heads a study on the megaliths of Kerala. Visit:

125 megaliths have been discovered in the region of Junapani in Vidharba.

About 3000 year old megaliths have been discovered in Nagpur Amravati road.

3000 year old megaliths have been discovered in a college campus of Khammam of A.P. College authorities have planned to protect them. Great Job. Hope there were more like them.

The legendary Burjhaom megaliths of Kashmir: